Eurasianism, Dugin and Ukraine (Part 1)

67
Fri, Mar 6, 2015 - 11:19pm

“Putin is trying to reassemble the Soviet Union.” “Putin is out of control.” “Putin is Hitler.” “Putin is Satan.” These are just some of the things that I’ve heard people say in the last year or so. But everyone that I’ve heard this from has no idea WHY they think these things. Maybe they think it’s because he was the head of the KGB. (He wasn’t the head of the KGB—only a lieutenant colonel—and yes, I actually overheard someone at a local restaurant say this one day.) But more than likely, people are just repeating what the talking box in the living room told them. What most don’t know is that there is a very valid reason why these claims may, in fact, be true (well, except for the Satan part).

The reason lies in the political ideology known as “Eurasianism.” Eurasianism shouldn’t be confused with the Eurasian Economic Union—although the latter is certainly an extension of the former. And it’s not just the Russian Eurasia political party either. Rather, Eurasianism is a larger ideology of a pan-Slavic “Greater Russia” that seeks a reborn, Russian empire that unites the Eurasian continent “from Dublin to Vladivostok.” Eurasianism has been around since the 20’s, but for reasons you’ll see below, a working familiarity with today’s Neo-Eurasianism (and its chief ideologue) is critical to making more sense out of what is going on in the Ukraine. And as such, it becomes our first-stop down the Ukrainian conflict rabbit hole.

So what is Eurasianism today? In its simplest sense, it is Russian ultra-nationalism. But looking deeper into the movement and its thought leaders, Eurasiansim is much more sinister than that woefully simplified definition. But before we go any further, allow me to introduce the chief architect of today’s Eurasianism. Fellow Turdites, please meet Aleksandr Gelyevich Dugin.

Born in 1962, Aleksandr Dugin is a writer and post-Soviet political thinker whose writings frequently appeared in the weekly journal ‘Den’ (translated: The Day). He first gained notoriety in 1992, with his pamphlet “The Great War of Continents” in which ascribes world history to a great metaphysical conflict between to “Orders”—the Order of Atlantic and the Order of Eurasia. Dugin was one of the primary organizers of the post-Soviet, National Bolshevik political party in 1994, and after a failed attempt to enter Russian politics on the National Bolshevik ticket in 1995, Dugin returned to his journalistic roots and re-focused his efforts to influence Russian politics through his books and writings.

Photo: Flag of the National Bolshevik Party

In 1997, Dugin left the since-banned National Bolshevik Party and with the assistance of the Russian General Staff Academy, published Foundations of Geopolitics which called for the annexation of Ukraine because "Ukraine as an independent state with certain territorial ambitions represents an enormous danger for all of Eurasia and, without resolving the Ukrainian problem, it is in general senseless to speak about continental politics.” It is said that Foundations has been a textbook of Russian military officers for the last 17 years.

Photo: Foundations of Geopolitics

In 1998, Dugin became a geopolitical advisor to the chairman (“speaker”) of the Russian State Duma, Gennadii Seleznev. In 2005, Dugin founded the Eurasian Youth Union whose website states “Our Union is an absolute enemy. This U.S.. This is the beginning and end of our hatred.”

Photo: Flag of Dugin’s Eurasian Youth Union

In 2009, Dugin published his Fourth Political Theory which combines elements of liberal democracy, communism, and fascism. This book was published in English in 2012.

Photo: Fourth Political Theory

(By the way, are you seeing a pattern with the 8-pointed star? That’s called the “Star of Chaos”. Some consider think it is a variant of the “Star of Ishtar”. According to JY896, the 8-pointed star was also one of the symbols adopted by the fascist regime in Nazi-occupied Hungary towards the end of WWII.)

From 2008-2014, Dugin was the Head of the Department of Sociology of International Relations of Moscow State University. It is also said that the economic advisor to Russian President Putin, Sergei Glazyev, is an associate of Dugin’s. Astute Turdites will remember Glazyev as the Russian economist suggesting Russia could dump US Treasury holdings and conduct trade in other currencies.

Photo: Sergei Glazyev

In October, 2014, Dugin said: "Only after restoring the Greater Russia that is the Eurasian Union, we can become a credible global player. Now these processes slowed down very much. The Ukrainian maidan was the response of the West to the advance of the Russian integration."

Dugin has been described as “Putin’s Brain” and “Putin’s Rasputin.” Heck, he even kinda looks like Rasputin.

And the comparisons with Rasputin don’t stop with mere outward appearances. Rather, Dugin’s thoughts and ideas are esoteric in nature and are deeply rooted in mystical thought. In Dugin’s “Great War of Continents” (1992), he describes the basis for his political theories as a great metaphysical drama involving occult geopolitical dualism.

Now if your eyes glazed over at that statement, try reading Dugin’s writings yourself. BTW, I’m not going to link directly to it here as the document lives on a Neo-Eurasian site, but you can search for yourself and scroll down to “Part III”. Or you can get the gist from the summary that the authors of Putin’s Brain make:

Quote:
[In “The War of the Continents,” ] he described an ongoing geopolitical struggle between the two types of global powers: land powers, or “Eternal Rome,” which are based on the principles of statehood, communality, idealism, and the superiority of the common good, and civilizations of the sea, or “Eternal Carthage,” which are based on individualism, trade, and materialism. In Dugin’s understanding, “Eternal Carthage,” was historically embodied by Athenian democracy and the Dutch and British Empires. Now, it is represented by the United States. “Eternal Rome” is embodied by Russia. For Dugin, the conflict between the two will last until one is destroyed completely -- no type of political regime and no amount of trade can stop that. In order for the “good” (Russia) to eventually defeat the “bad” (United States), he wrote, a conservative revolution must take place.

Dugin has said that Russia needs a “genuine, true, radically revolutionary and consistent, fascist fascism.” And that, “Liberalism, is an absolute evil. . . . Only a global crusade against the U.S., the West, globalization, and their political-ideological expression, liberalism, is capable of becoming an adequate response. . . . The American empire should be destroyed.” Additionally, Dugin has also said that the U.S. is the “kingdom of Antichrist.”

I could go on and on, but I think that you get the picture. I’m including some links below to some further reading. But if you don’t read anything else, at least read this one article:

https://www.nationalreview.com/article/380614/dugins-evil-theology-robert-zubrin

So there you have it—a VERY brief introduction to today’s Eurasianism and its primary idea man.

Now you might be thinking why is this “mad professor” so important to what’s happening in Ukraine? In Part 2 of this article, we’ll answer that question by looking at the ties between Dugin and the earliest revolutionary leaders in the Donetsk People’s Republic, as well as the hero-like figure Igor Strelkov (Igor Girkin) of Slavyansk fame. And, if the hot war hasn’t re-started by then, we’ll move on to look at the competing American geo-strategy and how a showdown between the U.S. and Russian in Ukraine was probably inevitable.

*Special thanks to JY896 for helping me on this article

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Additional reading:

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/141080/anton-barbashin-and-hannah-thoburn/putins-brain

https://www.opendemocracy.net/article/email/russia-s-creeping-fascism

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/stephen-blank/russias-lurch-toward-fasc_b_5169230.html

https://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2014/mar/20/fascism-russia-and-ukraine/

https://www.opednews.com/articles/-Neo-Eurasianism---the-Iss-by-Andreas-Umland-080610-4.html

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0962629801000439

The following 2 articles are longer, academic articles on Dugin for the ambitious Turdite with plenty of free time. Access requires a free sign-up to “academia.edu” :

https://www.academia.edu/1048387/The_Rise_of_Geopolitics_in_Russia_in_th...

https://www.academia.edu/1048384/Neo-Eurasianism_and_Putin_s_Multipolari...

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  67 Comments

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CPE
Mar 7, 2015 - 6:06pm

@Silver Sooner

Excellent work! Your presentations are very well done, well thought out, well researched and well written! Boomer Sooner!

Blythesshrink
Mar 7, 2015 - 4:20pm

Thank you for what is a very

Thank you for what is a very educational and interesting thread. I'm already looking forward to the next one.

Mar 7, 2015 - 2:43pm

Thanks, Silver Sooner (+clarification)

This is really not that significant, but the Arrow Cross used in the 1930's and 40's in Hungary was (as far as I understand) mainly a derivative of the Nazi swastika, and was adopted in no small part because THAT 'original' symbol had been banned by the Hungarian government. In the end, the logo of the local fascist subsidiary branch was a 4-pointed star ending in arrows ('arrow cross', a much older heraldic symbol as well).

I am also a bit skeptical as to the official explanation for the origin of the 'star of chaos' as provided by Wiki -- but am too lazy to dig into the research. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbol_of_Chaos -- just be aware there are plenty of much further/older origins and possible meanings.
G-Rod
Mar 7, 2015 - 2:38pm

Swastika symbolism

Dates back millennia. Early Indo European myths use this symbol. Both right and left handed ( clockwise is right. Anti-clockwise is left. Nazi symbolism is left). Again - just elements of the Magicians curtain. When you pull it back all you find is a puffed up lying, thieving murderer. Nothing more, nothing less.

Willard52ivars
Mar 7, 2015 - 1:51pm

re: Silver Sooner - now You are

I agree with ivars and Silver Sooner. Russian expansionism is a moderate side show.

The center ring of the world circus is occupied by a mixture of: 1) Islamic Civic War (Sunni/Shite/anti-West) and 2) the World economic collapse due to Debt bubble & fiat printing & unsustainable entitlements. Item#2 is so large a threat to our collective lives, it needs to be the focus of our planning energy.

Mar 7, 2015 - 1:48pm

@Silver Sooner: Thanks for

@Silver Sooner:

Thanks for providing the breakdown on this fellow. I'm looking forward to seeing what you will tell us next!

Mar 7, 2015 - 1:26pm

@ivars

I think a lot of us here (myself included) get confused when you say that the US is an expanding empire and that Russia is a declining empire. But I see what you are saying about the US expanding because of the need to expand debt. I also see how each sides' strategies may lead to the predictions that you have made. I just think a lot of us get confused by your analysis. I also don't want it lost that the west is also playing dirty pool. Just because I'm talking about Dugin today doesn't mean I'm saying either side is "good" in this. The whole damn thing is a Catch-22.

Maryann
Mar 7, 2015 - 1:25pm

Another question...

Thank you, Silver Sooner. And what is the connection between Dugin and Russia with Iran and Islam? On the surface it appears they are two competing ideologies? Maybe I'm jumping ahead?

G-Rod
Mar 7, 2015 - 1:10pm

Dugins philosophy

Is simply an elaborate piece of propaganda with the objective of control of the masses. Yes Turd. If Hitler had succeeded he would have united Eurasia under a single Fascist state. Which is the same goal. The 8 pointed star as a symbol for chaos has certainly been around for a while.

ivars
Mar 7, 2015 - 12:54pm

Silver Sooner - now You are

Silver Sooner - now You are talking! That is the way I see it ,existential need for USA debt Empire to expand vs. rebirth ( attempt) of Russian Empire. That is why I compare Putin to Hitler as he is defending a losing Empire with help of fascist ( nationalist) ideology. And following the same steps of defending ethnic Russians everywhere and becoming friendly with autocratic regimes. Forming axis. And being friendly to China only for as long as militarization of Russia will ask for expansion into industrial China.

I have no doubts why I compare Putin to Hitler. They act in similar way as they try to solve similar problems facing their dying Empires in different moments of history ( German and Russian) and facing the same enemy- USA.

Germany lost 2 wars to become extinct as an Empire. Russia has lost one already ( Cold war) and second one is happening right now. There is not much time left until that second one is over as well. Meanwhile a hot war is coming to Europe and Central Asia now.

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