Review - “Extraordinary Popular Delusions and The Madness of Crowds” by Charles MacKay

137
Sun, Nov 3, 2013 - 12:06pm

I have a necessary library of trading and market related books, both in printed and electronic form. To do things I believe that you need to allocate resources. For investing, one resource is, obviously, money or capital to invest or trade with.

Other things can be equated with money, for they have difficulty in the getting. Power is one – it can be used to seize money from those who have it. Another is knowledge, for with knowledge money can be made or created. A third primary resource is time. It takes time for all things to happen, time to gain power, even a HFT algorithm requires a small amount of time to carry out it’s instructions, and it takes time to learn knowledge.

I’m talking of knowledge today. This is the first of a series of book reviews which more or less could be called my own Recommended Reading List for Traders and Investors. It’s personal and some famous works will be left out, and I assume some minor works will come as surprises, as the prioritization is my own and based on my personal experiences and thoughts.

I had an inner debate about whether the #1 slot should go to MacKay or Lefevre/Livermore, but MacKay wins out because his work transcends trading, or even markets. It is a study of humanity. I expect everyone would benefit to a certain degree from reading this.

Oh, I should mention – Charles MacKay wrote it in 1841. That’s 172 years ago, 50 years after the French revolution, and 20 years before the American Civil War was to be fought.

I add at this point that I have three volumes of this book in my personal collection: A 1980 facsimile of the original, 724 pages in length, an electronic one, and also a new compact (abridged) hardback edition from Harriman House of 2003, 115 pages, and reprinted several times since. So this is an investment classic and still in very high demand, hence the reprints. The main difference between my two paper editions, apart from weight, is that the recent compact volume contains the financial bubbles whereas the original full text describes these however it also recounts other historical manias not related to finance like Fortune-Telling, Duelling, Haunted House, Poisoning and other manias.

I’ll stay with the compact volume for this review seeing as it will be read by investors and traders in the main. The illustrations are representative of my quirky thought process and not intended to be manipulative or imposing a political view. They are merely chosen to transcend the time of writing of the excerpted texts visually.

So what book written back then could be so pertinent today? I must get out of the way and let Charles MacKay's words speak for themselves. Here are some quotes from the first section about John Law and the Mississippi Bubble. You can judge for yourself.

Early on his wisdom was noticed and discussed in the media:

All the small poets and litterateurs of the day poured floods of adulation upon him. According to them, he was the saviour of the country, the tutelary divinity of France; wit was in all his words, goodness in all his looks, and wisdom in all his actions.”

Real assets were sucked in while paper was issued to acquire these items of value:

... It was remarked at this time that Paris had never before been so full of objects of elegance and luxury. Statues, pictures, and tapestries were imported in great quantities from foreign countries, and found a ready market.

All those pretty trifles in the way of furniture and ornament which the French excel in manufacturing were no longer the exclusive playthings of the aristocracy, but were to be found in abundance in the houses of traders and the middle classes in general. Jewellery of the most costly description was brought to Paris as the most favourable mart;”...

The wealth effect is described so well, as is the link between the Sovereign Ruler and Financier:

“...Thus the system continued to flourish till the commencement of the year 1720. The warnings of the parliament, that too great a creation of paper money would, sooner or later, bring the country to bankruptcy, were disregarded. The regent, who knew nothing whatever of the philosophy of finance, thought that a system which had produced such good effects could never be carried to excess. If five hundred millions of paper had been of such advantage, five hundred millions additional would be of still greater advantage. This was the grand error of the regent, and which Law did not attempt to dispel. The extraordinary avidity of the people kept up the delusion; and the higher the price of Indian and Mississippi stock, the more billets de banque were issued to keep pace with it.

On astute individuals hedging to protect against the inflationary loss this next quote reads like it was written both next year and in the 1930s, some 92 years after Mackay published his book:

“ ... In February 1720 an edict was published,

which, instead of restoring the credit of the paper, as was intended, destroyed it irrecoverably, and drove the country to the very brink of revolution. By this famous edict it was forbidden to any person whatever to have more than five hundred livres (20l.) of coin in his possession, under pain of a heavy fine, and confiscation of the sums found. It was also forbidden to buy up jewellery, plate, and precious stones, and informers were encouraged to make search for offenders, by the promise of one-half the amount they might discover. The whole country sent up a cry of distress at this unheard-of tyranny. The most odious persecution daily took place. The privacy of families was violated by the intrusion of informers and their agents. The most virtuous and honest were denounced for the crime of having been seen with”

And that is just the section about John Law!

I do not wish to spoil with excessive quotation, only two more, but the sections about the South-Sea Bubble and the Tulipomania are just as archaic distant history, and at the same time they describe exactly what is going on around us today in our Central Bank- Politician-Banking controlled present day world.

So to finish this review, I excerpt two short and memorable pieces – first from Charles Mackay’s 1st 1841 edition and another from his preface to the edition of 1852, written 160 years ago: “... millions of people become simultaneously impressed with one delusion, and run after it, till their attention is caught by some new folly more captivating than the first. We see one nation suddenly seized, from its highest to its lowest members, with a fierce desire of military glory; another as suddenly becoming crazed upon a religious scruple; and neither of them recovering its senses until it has shed rivers of blood and sowed a harvest of groans and tears, to be reaped by its posterity.” .....

Men, it has been well said, think in herds; it will be seen that they go mad in herds, while they only recover their senses slowly, and one by one.”

And that last passage, Dear Reader, is as up to date as they come. If there is a"required reading list" for investors and traders, this text which has endured nearly two hundred years and still remains so appropriate to modern life's financial intrigues surely deserves the number one position on that list.

Resources:

Publishers' Page for this book: https://www.harriman-house.com/book/view/556/investing/charles-mackay/extraordinary-popular-delusions-and-the-madness-of-crowds/

Available in printed, and electronic versions

Argentus Maximus

.

The author posts daily commentary on the gold and silver markets in the TFMR forum: The Setup For The Big Trade. More information about the author can be found here: RhythmNPrice.

About the Author

  137 Comments

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Mr. Fix
Nov 3, 2013 - 7:18pm

Interesting:

Guest Post: Finland's Gold

Submitted by Tyler Durden on 11/03/2013 - 17:49

On Wednesday Finland gave in to public pressure and revealed where she stores her gold reserves. The statement followed a press release by the Bank of Sweden on similar lines released on Monday. All was 'normal' until the head of communications added some more color on what exactly the Finnish central bank does with its gold..."half of the gold has been within investment activity over the years. Gold has been invested among other things in deposits similar to money market deposits and using gold interest rate swaps. Gold investment activity is common for central banks." The evidence is mounting that Western central banks through the Bank of England have been feeding monetary gold into the market through leasing operations. This explains in part how the voracious appetite for gold by China, India and South-East Asia is being satisfied, without the gold price rising to reflect this demand.

Mantis
Nov 3, 2013 - 7:06pm

Gun control

Piers won that debate. He got the guy to state that all people should be controlled by background checks before being allowed to own firearms. Central control over who is allowed is just the same as the control of which types of gun are allowed. Both sides of the debate are saying more control.

gold slut
Nov 3, 2013 - 6:53pm

@ Turd

I think that the VAST majority of the gold (and silver) community have stood firm behind Andy and it will take more than the sad efforts shown to change that. You must know that if you are doing your job well, the snakes out there may try this kind of sad tactic, but you have Turdville standing behind you.

As for myself, if you have this kind of problem, having seen what kind of chap you are, you should see it as a sort of sign of respect that they need to attack you. It means you matter....

Response to: After the way the gold "community" treated Andy...

Kcap
Nov 3, 2013 - 6:50pm

@obijimawebobski...

LOL!

Is all I have to say to that!!

Kcap

rl999
Nov 3, 2013 - 6:46pm

comparesilver prices

lists liberty coin precious metals and they have an AZ store.

I ordered from them a few times but their shipping is way to expensieve.

tyberious
Nov 3, 2013 - 6:02pm

Turd

That was posted on the SGTreport. I only posted because I hadn't actually read the original article. Trust me, no malice was intended.

This is a case of shooting the messenger.

Back to football and Heineken.

Dyna mo humDoctor J
Nov 3, 2013 - 6:01pm

Dr. Jerome

I ordered from Scottsdale Silver last week but I don't know if they have a storefront or not, Here is what the tracking info sez...

November 1, 2013 , 1:11 am

Processed at USPS Origin Sort Facility

PHOENIX, AZ 85043

October 31, 2013 , 6:48 pm

Dispatched to Sort Facility

SCOTTSDALE, AZ 85260

October 31, 2013 , 6:18 pm

Acceptance

SCOTTSDALE, AZ 85260

They do ship very fast!

AlienEyes
Nov 3, 2013 - 5:54pm

After the way the gold "community" treated Andy...

... I don't trust anybody right now.

SilverSurfers
Nov 3, 2013 - 5:52pm

Sprekenzie Dutch?

I got some PA dutch, like 18 generations since implant, does that qualify as a kraut? Just asking

BHO is a failure. At least with Bush we got shock and awe, mission accomplished, and TARP, and all BHO has is obamacare, QE, and 50m on food stamps. Wait. Its a toss up.

AlienEyes
Nov 3, 2013 - 5:50pm

Let it pass

"Methinks the lady doth protest to much."

Billy Shakespeare, from Othello

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