Well, here we go again. It's January so that means it's annual forecast time...that time of year when I walk the plank knowing full well that I may end up plunging into the sea. And for what reason? I'm not sure. The screenshot below is taken from the opening paragraph of our 2020 macrocast and this same sentiment holds today:
So let's begin by recalling the past. Though TFMR has been around for over over a decade, I only began the habit of printing these annual "macrocasts" back in 2017. Thus far, the track record has been pretty solid but, and as with everything else in investing, past performance is no guarantee of future results.
- As 2017 began, we were told that the election of Trump would crash gold prices due to a soaring dollar, a surging U.S. economy and a bursting of the bond bubble. This narrative seemed ridiculous at the time and we were right...it was. And we wrote about it on January 17, 2017: https://www.tfmetalsreport.com/blog/8103/questioning-generally-accepted-...
- The following year, even more supposed experts were calling for triple-digit gold prices and a resumption of the bear market. They were proven wrong. At TFMR, we expected prices to be steady and rising instead as three themes would support prices. This was posted on January 4, 2018: https://www.tfmetalsreport.com/blog/8755/three-themes-2018
- In early 2019, all of the 8-figure Wall Street economists were insisting that gold would crash as the Fed hiked rates as many as four times in 2019. These same clowns expected the yield on the US 10-year note to rise to 5%! This was utterly ridiculous for reasons we've discussed here for the past decade. So instead, we figured that 2019 would play out a lot like 2010 and forecasted "the best annual gains since 2010" in this post dated January 14, 2019: https://www.tfmetalsreport.com/blog/9151/2010-9
- And in 2020, we knew that the macro conditions which prompted the break out and renewed bull market of 2019 would continue. Thus it was entirely logical to predict another 20% rise in Comex gold and an even greater percentage rise in Comex silver. What we couldn't have anticipated was The Covid Crisis and, as such, price overshot our goals by considerable margins. In the end, Comex gold posted a gain of 25% and Comex silver rose by 48%: https://www.tfmetalsreport.com/blog/9858/2020-foresight
So that's nice. Now what? More of the same? In a word, YES.
And why would that be? Once again, there are an abundance of Fed shills, stock pumpers and permabears who are proudly proclaiming that "gold and silver have topped" and that other investments are a much better safe haven in the final stages of the great Keynesian Experiment. Last year at this time, many of these same "analysts" proudly projected that interest rates would rise, the dollar would rally, the US economy would grow and that precious metals were dead money. They were wrong last year and they'll be wrong again in 2021. Why?
For the answer, we simply need to look back to the final months of 2018. What occurred then that has pushed gold and silver prices higher ever since? Simply put, the final change in Fed policy. For the five years between 2013 and 2018, The Fed was able to support an illusion. And what was that? That all was well. That their balance sheet would be reduced back to pre-2009 levels and that interest rates would soon head back to historical norms, too. The Fed was able to pretend that this was the case until, finally, their beloved "stock market" broke under the pressure of a contracting money supply. Do you recall December 2018? Have you already forgotten? It was so bad that Treasury Secretary Mnuchin had to convene an emergency meeting of The President's Working Group On Financial Markets...AKA "The Plunge Protection Team" on Christmas Eve!
From that moment, everything changed. Bonds began to rally and real interest rates began to fall. The Fed formally announced a reversal of their tightening scheme in June of 2019 and we have had a consistent bull market in the precious metals ever since.
Recognizing the sea change that occurred in late 2018, our forecast for 2019 was for an upside breakout from the range that had contained the gold price since 2013. This was a pretty lonely branch to sit at the end of...but the forecast was proven correct. Our goal was a gold price between $1480 and $1520 and, after a sharp summer rally and autumn consolidation, COMEX gold finished at $1519.95.
We expected the same conditions that drove price in 2019 to continue into 2020 and published a forecast back in early January of $1800 COMEX gold. As you know, price peaked near $2100 last summer and finished the year at $1901. That's another pretty substantial annual gain and in line with what you'd expect during a bull market. See this chart below courtesy of Ronni Stoeferle and his team at Incrementum AG:
Note that 2019 and 2020 have posted annual gains similar to those seen in the previous bull market of 2005-2011. With macroeconomic forces and Fed policy remaining unchanged in 2021, why not expect another 20%+ year in COMEX gold? In fact, you should expect another good year.
Where the aforementioned "analysts" get their forecasts wrong is in a misunderstanding of The Fed's role in all of this. Chief Powell and his Fed have assured us of many things in the months ahead, most notably:
- the Fed Funds rate will remain at zero through 2023
- that The Fed is comfortable with inflation exceeding 2%
- the QE∞ programs that were put into place last March will remain through all of 2021 and this assures at least $120B in new QE every single month
- the Fed continues to study the history and effectiveness of Yield Curve Control as a policy tool to manage and inflate away the extremes levels of debt to GDP
Given the old trader's adage, perhaps this macrocast should simply be titled "Don't Fight The Fed"? In the end, it may not be a whole lot more complicated than that.
And then keep in mind two other very important macro factors. First, after decades of fighting against a higher gold price (as diligently documented by GATA), The Fed and the other major central banks could actually benefit from a higher gold price going forward. These central bankers are not only desperate to spark price inflation, they are equally desperate to slay the ghost of disinflationary expectations. Powell stated this explicitly in his Jackson Hole speech of last August. A rising gold price would clearly help with them reach both goals.
But what about inflation in real time as measured by the faulty CPI? How can The Fed spark rising prices? One of the simplest ways is to encourage a lower dollar, which in turn leads to higher input costs for commodities such as crude oil and copper. If producers are then able to pass along these higher costs, they will then push inflation higher. This is the classic definition of "Cost-Push Inflation" that you may recall from that Econ 101 class you slept through in college: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/costpushinflation.asp
So again, this isn't complicated. Don't fight The Fed.
And this leads to a very interesting situation for silver, too. If we are indeed in the early stages of a general commodity bull market resurgence as expert analysts such as Ronni Stoeferle and Tavi Costa suggest, then we should expect silver...which 99% of the world sees as a "commodity"...to perform quite well in 2021. And again, if commodities are breaking out, silver is poised to come along for the ride. Is this why so many investment houses and research firms were suddenly so bullish as 2020 drew to a close? https://www.sprottmoney.com/blog/If-You-Cant-Beat-Em-Join-Em-Craig-Hemke...
As with most bull markets in the precious metals, you should expect silver's 2021 gains to exceed, and even double, gold's. So I guess we should next consider just how far gold prices might rally in the year ahead.
Please scroll back up and take another look at the chart above from Ronni Stoeferle and be sure to note the period 2005-2011...the most previous extended bull market run for gold. Notice that, even if you include the crazy year of 2008, the average annual gain for gold was 20.4%.
And now consider the annual gains since the "sea change" of late 2018. The year 2019 posted a gain of 18.9% and, as you know, 2020 came in at 24.8%. Hmmm. Can you see what's going on here? This by no means guarantees another gain of 20% for gold in 2021 but it's certainly a starting point for your consideration.
Then consider this...The year 2020 played out in a very typical manner. What do I mean? The old all-time high for Comex gold was set on September 6, 2011 at $1920. Typically, when something...anything...surges to a new all-time high, price moves about another 10% higher. Comex gold breached $1920 on July 23, 2020. It then peaked at a new all-time high of $2089 on August 7. That's an extension above the old all-time high of 8.8% and right in line with what market history would tell us to expect.
So, with the conditions that have driven this bull market persisting through 2021, we should expect another new all-time high in gold prices later this year. A simple 10% extension above the current high targets a price near $2300. Hmmm, that sounds about right.
But then let's go back to the average gain during the previous bull market. Recall that is was 20.4% over a seven year period. Thus far in this current bull market, gold has averaged 21.5%. So if we take the $1901 closing price of 202o and add 21% we get a target of...wait for it...$2300. Hmmm. Again, that sounds about right.
Perhaps price overshoots our year end target as it did in both 2019 and 2020? That's certainly possible. Maybe we'll see $2400-2500 before the inevitable pullback and consolidation? It wouldn't surprise me, nor should it surprise you if it comes to pass. For now, though, let's just go with the year end target of $2300 and another annual gain of around 20%.
Where gold prices are in uncharted territory, silver prices remain in "charted" territory and, as such, a review of the price charts can still be helpful tool in assessing where we're headed in the months to come.
We had a goal last year of $22 and this target was deliberately set at that level due to the extreme Bank and chart resistance we expected to encounter there. However, price smashed through $22 last July and continued all the way to $30 before pulling back and twice tapping $22 as SUPPORT in Q4. Getting back above the equally-important $26 level before year end was also significant and, as mentioned, Comex silver finished the year at $26.52 for a gain of 48%. Given all of this and after taking a look at the long-term charts, what should be our goal for 2021?
First and foremost, once Comex silver exceeds its 2020 highs and begins trading in the 30s for the first time in eight years, it should rapidly move toward $35. If that's all the farther it gets, the gain for 2020 would be about 32%. But that seems a little light since I expect something north of 20% for Comex gold. Additionally, last year saw quite an overshoot of our goals during the late summer.
Perhaps, instead, Comex silver shoots all the way to $38 or so in the first half of the year? If that happens, it's not out of the question that price could move toward $44 as an intrayear high.
So considering all of this...and considering the history of the past two years...as well as the likely late year consolidation...and factoring in the ever-present Commercial short position that drives corrections and consolidations...I think we can settle on a year end price goal of $38. That would mark another annual gain of 43% and it would certainly be in line with what we expect in Comex gold.
Finally, how might you expect this to impact the mining shares? In our 2020 macrocast, I stated that we should all look forward to "out-sized gains" in the mining sector as institutional money began to pour in. We got off to a hot start but, unfortunately, the institutional spigots never turned on and the shares, as measured by the GDX, underperformed. This ETF finished the year up 23%...which is a nice return for any investment...but it's a far cry from what we should have seen given the move in the metals.
So what might drive that surge of institutional interest and cash in 2021? It's quite simple actually...a move to new all-time highs in Comex gold and/or $30+ in Comex silver. After years of cash and resource burn, the entire sector is now in a "show me" or "prove it" period. Big time cash doesn't yet believe what they're seeing in terms of free cash flow, dividend and P/E growth. These money managers want to see it continue and the only way to pique their interest will be a move to higher highs in the precious metals.
Thus again, if we're right about the macro conditions driving higher metal prices in a extension of the ongoing bull market, then 2021 should finally be the year that mining investors see those "out-sized gains". How out-sized? Again, let's check the charts.
Let's start with the GDX as a proxy for the large cap mining sector. This ETF peaked on August 5, 2020, at $45.78. It then proceeded to decline to a low of $33.25 on November 24 before finishing the year at $36.02 and posting that 23% annual gain.
For 2021, the chart and the math is pretty easy...again, so long as we are correct about the metals price trend. The long-term weekly chart shows several classic formations. Notice the cup, the handle and then a bull flag...from which price has yet to escape, even though the metals have escaped their own flags. So, from here, the goals are pretty straightforward. Break out of the bull flag and move back above $42. From there, move toward the 2020 highs and then on toward $55.
After an overshoot and a pullback, finishing the year back at $55 certainly seems reasonable. The GDX would notch an annual gain of 53% and that sounds about right. Though this may still not constitute "out-sized", 53% in any calendar year ain't too shabby.
And what about the juniors and the exploration companies? As a proxy, let's use the GDXJ. This ETF began 2020 at $42.46 and finished the year at $54.24 for again of about 28%. Again, not too shabby but not nearly what we might have hoped for given the move in the metals. What does the chart tell us to expect in 2021?
After finally breaking out of a seven-year "bowl" or "cup", price in 2021 finally appears to be moving higher and out of the "handle" or "flag" that almost inevitably follows in this pattern. Soon we should see the GDXJ extend to new multi-year highs near $70 and then, after another period of consolidation, the area between $90 and $100 comes into view. Let's split the difference and go with a year end target of $95. That would be a 75% annual gain and, again, if we're correct about Comex precious metal prices rallying in 2021, this sort of return should be possible and even expected.
So that's it. That's what I think we should expect in 2021. However, as we close, let's re-visit the title of this year's macrocast....2021: A Gold Odyssey. Why did I choose that title?
Because the year ahead to going to be wildly volatile, perplexing, concerning and fun. The gains that I expect us to post by December will not come easily and, as in any bull market, "riding the bull" all the way to the bell is going to quite the challenge. It will kick and buck and do everything possible to throw you off and keep you from realizing the gains that you'll see if you complete the ride.
So this year's macrocast concludes with a warning and some advice...be patient. Do not allow yourself to get aggressively caught up in the day-to-day and tick-for-tick. Instead, maintain your focus upon the long term and The Big Picture. For the past decade, we've warned you to "prepare for the end of The Great Keynesian Experiment" and the events of 2020 have only served to accelerate its demise. You must continue to plan for the monetary event/shake-up/reset that is most assuredly coming. It's only a matter of time. The math is the math.
I recently came across a saying that gun owners like to use regarding their collection: "I have more guns than I need but not as many as I want". That should be a mantra for precious metal investors, too. I may have more gold than I need, but it's not nearly as much as I want.
With The Great Keynesian Experiment barreling toward its inevitable conclusion...and with even higher prices ahead...you'd be wise to continue to add physical precious metal to your stockpile in 2021.