More From Dr Jerome: Primitive or Pampered?

Primitive or Pampered? That is the question.

As a teacher and writer, if I have a strength or gift, it is that I understand the basics of a wide range of endeavors. My true expertise is limited to rhetoric and composition. I also worked as an electrician for 15 years (union member) with a formal apprenticeship before going back to college. Beyond these two fields, I am no expert, merely knowledgeable. But I also learned that a bit of solid knowledge is quite useful and should not be dismissed. So I share freely what I learn and hope that I know where to draw the line—and on a blog like this I trust that we have at least one expert from every relevant field who will keep us in line and hopefully contribute to the community.

While in high school in 1974, I decided to study electronics for my “shop class.” Aaaah, Mr McMullen! He was our shop teacher for electronics. He was also the weight-lifting coach for the football team and had muscles bulging all over his stout body. Of course, while putting together our electronic circuits, my lab partner Scott and I would do anything but read our schematics and build stuff. Conflict was on the horizon. This was about the time when teachers were not allowed to “beat” kids in school anymore, so they came up with creative means of discipline, like threats, large paddles sitting on the desk that were never employed, sitting in the corner or the coat closet and being sent to the principle for a tongue-lashing. Not Mr. Mcmullen. One day, while Scott and I were chuckling about something very funny, Mr McMullen sneaked up behind us, put his head between ours with his arm around our shoulders. He started mussing up our long hair in a manly, fatherly way. He said, “You guys know that I love you, right?” We nodded, suspiciously. He continued, “and you know that you have to do your labwork to pass this class, right” … THUNK, as he cracked both of our heads against his own. Oh, that really hurt. But we both knew it hurt him twice as much. He knew what we both knew, that no self-respecting tough guy, like either of us, would go whining to the school principle that the teacher whacked both our heads against his “So I want you to get busy and have your circuit built by the end of class” he concluded. He knew how to keep a room full of young men inline. He also knew how to teach. We got back to work and I learned my lessons. I like to think Mr. McMullen knocked some sense into me that day.

I am very thankful today that I learned those lessons. They helped me fly through my electrical apprenticeship and today they are helping me design a modest and cheap solar system for my “new economy” home.

One must seriously consider your energy use habits as you mosey into the world of solar electric systems. Do you have high electric bills? Are they due to genuine consumption, or due to waste? If your home is like mine, I spend my time going from room to room being busy, leaving lights and bathroom fans on everywhere I go. I stand in front of the refrigerator trying to decide which snack to have and then I get cold showing off my lame six-pack and turn on the heater. I love a long hot shower. Meanwhile my wife follows me around turning off the lights, fans and puts on her sweater to stay warm. We also have two fish tanks with bubblers and filters running full time. Need I mention the kid’s energy use habits? We also have no fewer than three computers running full time. We are not good candidates for a solar system at this time unless I want to invest $15-20K. We really will have to change.

Primitive or pampered—or somewhere in between?

As we prepare a home for the new economy, we must face the obvious question of our family’s level of luxury. I recall my father taking us to see some elderly relatives in the back country of Colorado in 1973. This 70-something couple lived in a small cabin with a low roof. Their bathroom was an outhouse, and they heated and cooked with wood. They didn’t have electricity. I think they had been living this way since the 1920s. We had a wonderful dinner of roast venison (probably poached) and I could see that they were healthy and happy. What a different life they had from our large luxurious homes today. Honestly, in the new economy, I know I cannot afford to keep my opulent American lifestyle. I’ll need a smaller home, which means a smaller system will do.

We can start with frugality without sacrificing anything

• We can purchase low wattage LED lights.

• We can open the windows keep lights off

• We can turn computers off and wear sweaters when it is cold

• Long hot showers? Not with an electric water heater!

These are all common sense items. Now if you use gas or propane to heat water, run the stove, and even other appliances, it may or may not be more economical and you still pay for it.

While all these little things add up, the largest consumers of electricity are the devices that make stuff hot or cold. Fortunately, these devices run intermittently, but when they do, they suck down the power like a hard-working turdite drinking pints at the pub while ranting about banks.

My prior home had a solar water heater. We lived in southwestern Ohio and while it kept a good supply of water warm, it did not stay “hot” from November to April, but it was warm enough. The system was complicated and one needs to understand plumbing (or have a friend) to install or repair the components. This is the direction I choose, and I’ll have to learn more about plumbing to get there. But that is a post for the future.

Home heating should not rely on solar systems. We currently live in the American southwest. I installed a used 5’ x 6’ window ($50) on a south facing wall a few months ago. I am amazed how the sunlight from that single window keeps the house about 5 degrees warmer when we open the curtains. I wish I had more south facing walls in this home. As I build our new-economy home, I will install much south facing glass and have an overhanging roof calculated to block the sunlight during the summer months when it shifts overhead. I am convinced that I will not need to have a heater in the home except a small wood-burning stove for snowy days and deep-freeze nights.

So my planned solar system will need to be large enough to run lights, a smaller refrigerator, a well pump, and various small devices. I’ll heat the home with sunlight and wood. I am still struggling to figure out a good, long term plan for cooking. Perhaps solar ovens is the answer? Again—fodder for a future post.

If you live in a city and are planning to make your home your fortress of refuge for hard times, there may be some limitations to how much power you can save. You’ll need a larger system.

The system begins with energy production. You can use either solar panels, a wind generator, or an ADD generator.*

The system has 4 basic parts

1. Power generation (solar panels, wind generator)

2. Charge controller (to give the batteries what they need)

3. Batteries

4. Power inverter (changes DC power from the batteries to AC power for your house components)

I am starting with a 1000 watt system to see how it goes. I can add power capacity and swap other components as needed. This should be enough to run a small refrigerator, a well pump, and my home lighting.

My budget in fiat is as follows

1. Solar panels ($1300 @ $1.30 per watt) purchased from the factory

2. Charge controller ($100)

3. Batteries ($1200—8 glass-mat batteries @ $140 each)

4. Power inverter (1500 watts, off the shelf from the store for $100—not appropriate for electronics.)

5. Wire and hardware ($300)

I am hoping to build it all for $3000. I suspect that the hook-up fee for a new home from the local power company would cost half that much. I have everything ready but the solar panels since I am trying to build them myself more cheaply (future post again). But I could buy them of the shelf and have them tomorrow for about that price.

The point of this post is that a solar system is not as expensive as a contractor would charge you, that they can be built by a layman, and that with wise energy use, a small system will suffice. I encourage you to aim this direction and live off the grid, to find a balance between primitive and pampered life. We have the expertise on this blog to “figure it all out” and the willingness to share what we all know. And where I may misguide you on various aspects of new economy preparation, I know our sharp and witty members here will provide correction. So just start doing something that takes you the right direction. Get the cart moving and we’ll steer as we go.

As metals move up in price, the components we need may actually get cheaper in fiat due to deflation and desperate, overstocked vendors cut prices to generate some cash flow for their businesses.

Onward.

* I am currently theorizing an ADD generator that uses the extra energy of my kids to generate power, but can’t seem to breakthrough the challenge of video game addiction.

 

52 Comments

bullion only's picture

My first ever

1 am in Los Angeles. Waiting for the fall out in Crimea or shall I say our own crimex.

RT

Boswell's picture

Second thing... ;-)

Try to get as much 12 volt stuff as possible, bypassing the inverter, they consume quite a bit of energy just being turned on.

achmachat's picture

good morning Dr Jerome!

to harness the ADD energy from your kids... may I suggest a giant hamster wheel connected to a small generator feeding the video games console? 

Hammer's picture

My grandmother served tea to

My grandmother served tea to Ghandi back in 1930s when he visited the poor part of London whence I come.

Here is his speech. The final sentence reads, "All I can advise is to not to attempt the impossible." but don't be lazy and listen to the man please as many times as you need.

Hammer's picture

Here's The English media

Here's The English media version.

Hammer's picture

Oh Twerkinth :) Must keep up

Oh Twerkinth :) Must keep up with the times :)

Mr. Fix's picture

Great post again Dr. Jerome.

There's lots of useful information there, and some of it is being incorporated into my own house over the course of this spring and summer.

My biggest addition will be a wood burning stove, and from that, I should be able to heat my water.  Since where I live it is heavily wooded, I basically have a lifetime supply of free wood to burn, so I will be making use of it.

Since heat is by far my biggest expense, it's a good place to start.

I can make more than enough electricity then I need to power my house, with a simple 5000 kW generator,

and I am exploring alternative fuels for it, since running it for a week or so can get pricey on gasoline.

I found plans last week for  using a wood burning stove to produce the fuel needed to run an internal combustion engine. It's something that “mother Earth news” did an exposé on back in 1981.

I plan on making use of that after I have the other pieces in place.

I guess the biggest part of my plans is to use the natural resources that are available to me.

If I had a stream in my yard, I would opt for hydroelectric. Since I'm living on a mountaintop,

hooking and automotive generator to a homemade windmill is most certainly an option.

For all intents and purposes, I added the last addition to my home last year, it's been an ongoing project for the last decade. It is very well insulated, and should be quite fuel-efficient. Getting my wife and child on board with cutting back energy consumption is probably my biggest challenge.

I have  always considered it easier to conserve energy then to produce it, but I live with people who do not see it that way.

I really like the squirrel cage concept, maybe I'll build one for my wife.devil

sierra skier's picture

Good Morning.

Another top 10

We have been heating with wood (98%) for the 30 years we have had our current home. The fan on our wood burning insert probably requires 100 watts or less. Solar power would be a viable option but we would need to keep the snow off the panels during the winter. The only time of the year we would need refrigeration is April through September/October.

I have looked at portable systems and calculated for fixed systems but have yet to take action. For hot water you can go with panels or the wood burner and either would provide for necessities.

Being energy self sufficient will save big money in the future as utility prices climb, not to mention giving great peace of mind if/when the grid goes down.

At todays prices alternative energy will take time to break even but as prices increase because of political policies, the EPA and regulations increase the costs of utilities the payoff period will decrease and the comfort/affordability  self sufficiency provides will be huge.

buzlightening's picture

Living off the grid.

The neoCONs will not be happy for those opting out of the new world order utopia.  We're compelled to buy into the failing new world order but still some people have the frontier spirit and choose freedom.  Self sufficiency feels good as it is true freedom. We don't need no stinkin electrical grid; monopolized power sources.  Those which have trusted in the failing neoCON system will die by it.  It will unravel as it has never been built for the masses.  Only for control.  Soon as control is lost then the scorched earth policy always prevails and we get exterminated through war.  Lets not let the next cycle of neoCONs crawl out of the parasitical holes and begin the same old control cycle for profit, power, and gain upon we the people ever again.

Speaking of cycles I am not surprised by the OEX misdirection Monday.  When you have an up day for mkts with especially the fomc mtging dead center middle you can be assured 85% of the time we remain flat to off for the week in the markets regardless of volatility.  75% of this cycle you end very much down.  Odds are we end the mkts very much down this week as yellen will not kill the taper.  Paper chasers should never enter ponzi for profit positions the Monday of OEX.  Always waited until Tuesday to make a more sure certain gain OEX week in options trading paper chasing.  Now of course as you all know I invest in myself; family and never put any discretionary funds into the big casino.  I look for all the old cycles to end with a massive epic lose of CONfidence all around the globe in fiat debt gone wild. 
 

dragonfly5's picture

Thanks Dr. Jerome

Great post and I am always interested when fellow Turdites share their progress for getting off the grid. It can be a long process and depending on ones' situation it can happen quickly and be bought outright or a longer process over time.

My wife and I are only dreaming of the time when we can get off the grid and yet in many ways as you have alluded to we have begun taking small steps.

Making our own preserves - apple butter and pears from old abandoned orchards - no GMO, no pesticides.

Berkey water filter.

Turn down the heat, wear a sweater. We are renting now, now wood fireplace but we do have a natural gas fireplace so if hydro goes out we do have a bit of alternative heat. Alternately, in the summer we rarely use the air conditioning.

Using grey water. We have a couple of buckets by the sinks we use. Waste water goes into those and is used for flushing the toilet. Of course, when company comes to visit we do not ask them to do the same - many of our friends are not yet at that point.

Having a store of food at home - still working on this - but little things like our 3 big buckets of honey from a local farmer. Honey does not go bad.

These are just a few little things and the balance between primitive and pampered is an ongoing challenge. I think if we start with the premise that everything in life should not be easy then we will be much better off in the long run. Some things take work, they are harder and less convenient - but in the long run they are more valuable.

Look forward to your future posts!

rnrjimmy's picture

Here Here!

"they suck down the power like a hard-working turdite drinking pints at the pub while ranting about banks."

Guilty.

Mudsharkbytes's picture

With a small stack of bricks…

…one can build a decent rocket stove. 

I put one of these on our patio just to use for cooking on warm days so I don't overheat the house.  Takes a little time to get it fired up completely, but once it's going, I get a steady flame that I can cook anything I'd normally cook on a stove top with. 

You do have to keep them tended by continually feeding them the fuel rods (wooden sticks), so if you have something that takes a long simmer, you have to sit and simmer along with it.  

Still, if you have access to free wood, most people can find sticks for free, and don't mind standing around tending the cook, these work great.

knowing how to make one with bricks or concrete blocks is a good skill for anybody to have anyway as they come in extremely handy in emergency situations.

this is a basic 16 brick one, but they work better with a couple more layers of bricks. 

if you have some cinder blocks, you can use those instead. 

Look around YouTube, you'll find hundreds of designs.  You can even make ones that'll heat your home. 

lots of different designs for these too. 

Have fun staying warm!

Dagney Taggart's picture

@DJ

For you solar system, swapping components is one thing.

But size your wire for the maximum load you may want in the future, not the current design.

Pulling old wire and reinstalling new is expensive in both the cost of your time and acquiring new materials (that may get hard to come by).

Dr Jerome's picture

Wire size

Thanks Dagney,

I probably ought to take a job this summer while on break at a professional solar company just for the experience. A number of systems configure the panels to 48 volts which would require a smaller wire size. the problem at my house is that the sunshine is a long ways from where I want to locate the batteries, thus requiring a longer run of #4 copper wire--that that can get expensive. but when I upgrade to a 2K or 3K watt system, I'll have to swap out the wire, or as you say bite the bullet and buy it now.

]Achmachat, I think you have solved the problem!

foggyroad's picture

Happy St. Patty's Day

Thanks, Dr.J

What a wonderful place, in minutes, I have enjoyed a smorgasbord of life lessons taught and learned,(Mr. Mcmullen), "honey does not go bad", south facing glass with corresponding roof to limit summer heat, and three simple rocket stove designs.

Ain't it Grand?

Green beer for Banker ranting today.

Cheers, Lads and Lasses.

buzlightening's picture

Preppers prep as action cures fear.

It does feel good to know you have sufficient for many years regardless of world insanity.  I live in a rural like minded community.  I am surrounded by like minded rural communities.  We mostly all know each other as 70% attend church together, attend community functions together, and engage in serve projects for each other; many hands make the burden light.  I feel for those trapped in densely populated cities.  I and my family moved to UT from Seattle in 2001.  We sold all we could from our home, to stock options from my work, and all stuff unnecessary to build on our own.  Best move we ever made.  I worked here for 10 years in a job which pd 1/3 of what I earned before but nonetheless had little impact on our life style.  We're much happier and more secure than ever.  Something about doing the thing and having the power.  Certain it was a step out into the unknown but my heck, once the light came on it lit a brilliant pathway to self sufficiency. 

The whole Ukrane thing to draw Russia and China into some theater of neoCONzi shove'n stuff is simply a ploy to take down the USDinker dollar.  It's dead!  Not much time left to get your self sufficient life in order.  Make definite plans with GGG.  Gold, Guns, and Getting out of dodge.  One thing about people and real hope.  Hope is always backed up with a plan.  All the best in bugging out for city dwellers. 

Mr. Fix's picture

A little something about gold and the dollar crash:

Enjoy.smiley

Going4it's picture

RE: Wire Size

Maybe you could convert it to AC for the long run and then back to DC at the batteries to cut down on the wire size.

Just a thought.

arch stanton's picture

great piece

Dr. Jerome if it's not too personal where do you teach?

Mr. Fix a 5000 Kw generator? Wow.

achmachat's picture

Mr. Fix's generator

that's him landing on his 5 megawatt generator

his pride.

Mr. Fix's picture

Oops.. I need to make a correction there.

Boy did I blow that number! Thanks for pointing it out.

It should read either 5 kW,

or 5000 W,

it's really quite small, and it starts with one pull of the rope.

It does everything I need it to do, because I get my heat and hot water from propane, but I have backup electric heat, just in case I run out of propane, but then I have to start turning things off to turn other things on.

I have in the past wired entire houses for 12 V lighting, which I might consider, since then I could easily shut off my generator for very long spells. Also, if needed, I can  get water from my well with a 12 V pump.

Basically, anything I can do with  12 V,  is relatively quick and simple, and can run for long durations off a battery bank. In a grid down situation, especially with an EMP, the batteries in my cars would be sacrificed for my house.

It is also noteworthy that three of my cars have the most colossal Marine/deep cycle batteries I could find, The cars have been modified to accept such a large battery.

I have everything I need on my property to live off the grid, but there is still some assembly required.

As soon as the snow and permafrost that my yard is entombed in clears, I will get started.

PS,

achmachat ,That is really quite funny!

If I were to build a windmill, it couldn't be quite that big, since I don't have access to a helicopter to hang the blades on the rotor.cool

boomer sooner's picture

@ Fix

If I tried to change out the treadmill for a hamster wheel, the outhouse would become the mancave!

treefrog's picture

bats!

Do you know this about bats?

 

The newsletter from, "The Texas Gardener Seeds" said: Put up a bat house to encourage the presence of these shy animals.  Bats consume 3,000 or more mosquitoes and other insects nightly, and bats are less likely to be rabid than dogs are.  Need another reason?  Bats are responsible for up to 95 percent of the seed dispersal essential to the regeneration of forests. Our planet is populated with plenty of bizarre and astonishing creatures.  Here are three from the Bat Family… 

mime-attachment.jpg

Sucker-footed Bat

 

 

 

2mime-attachment.jpg

Red-Winged Fruit Bat
 

 

3mime-attachment.jpg

Left-Winged Ding Bat

 

So 2 out of 3 Bats have a useful purpose!

 

If we could just train him to eat mosquitoes...

 

Or do anything useful... 

 

--

Mr. Fix's picture

No matter what, it's always a good day for stocks:

Stocks Soar On Crimean Referendum, Russian Sanctions

Submitted by Tyler Durden on 03/17/2014 - 16:04

The Dow has retraced half of last week's losses as exactly what everyone expected (a "yes" vote followed by US/EU sanctions and no actions yet by Putin) occurred.  The S&P was ramped thanks to the always-happy-to-help EURJPY back into the green for 2014. The big ramp occurred heading into the US open to spark momentum and save the day but weakness into the close suggests that the early short squeeze ran out of ammo relatively quickly. Volume overall was weak today. VIX's notable divergence from Friday likely provided some of the ammo for the early ramp. Gold and Treasuries were relatively unimpressed by equity exuberance until Europe closed and then were sold quite notably (TSYs +3-4bps, Gold/Silver -1.4%) Late-day weakness pushed Nasdaq back to unchanged post-Putin's conference call.

metalsbyamile's picture

Mr Fix

As i just posted on the pay side, even when the market is wrong IT is right.

Had any one stood in front of the S&P or Dow they'd be crushed.

Sure, fundamentally it should have cratered by now But it has not.

Same with the PM's both stocks and bullion. We should be at $5000(pick a number) but we are not.

These criminals can out last us or our cash.

Buy cyclically the bullion and pm stocks should bottom in June/July or August-who knows which or when. It is all guess work and we guess and hope for the best.That is not to say we do not have indicators yet if you trust those very same indicators implicit,again you get crushed.

Do not get me wrong.I have been GUESSING right more than wrong since joining this site,so very happy with my stack of fiat.

I just will not hold any trading positions of anything over night.if when i wake the market turns higher so be it. I live to see another day .So does my cash.

No more stacking for me until those very months of June , July or August.Until then i trade away to buy even more stack at the opportune time-at least I hope?

ancientmoney's picture

Maund is very bullish on silver . . .

Hopefully, Kerry doesn't start WWIII as Maund intimates . . .

http://www.silverseek.com/article/monster-silver-rally-brewing-13023

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